It’s been a while since the departure of controversial Fedora 18, which drew criticism from all areas, including Alan Cox. There were two aspects that were criticized fiercely for Fedora 18. First, the lack of stability of the system and its improved performance under KDE and then changing his famous installer, Anaconda, which meant a trauma for many users.
But it does not end there and Fedora 19 was given another twist, eliminating what little remained of the old Anaconda again. Seeing that many people still not adapted to the new installer fails to install the system or are new to this OS, I decided to make this manual through which I will explain how proper installation of Fedora 19 .
The first step is simple and I think everyone can do it without problems, since all distributions are very similar. In the we have to define the language in which we have the system and to set the keyboard layout in the language you have selected by checking the checkbox at the bottom of the screen. After performing these steps, you have to click on the Continue .
After clicking the Continue button on the language selection will have to wait a while and the installation screen will not come like from image below. One can see that now in Anaconda have a main window where we show all the steps in the installation of Fedora, that can be followed in the order you want.
As you can see, I have a series of numbers beside each of the steps, this is to indicate that is for me the best order to take installation neat and smooth. This new format makes configure your Fedora installation is very fast, in fact once mastered can finish setting up in about three minutes perfectly, but has the disadvantage that it is possible to slip up and leave behind something misconfigured that in the If the desktop environment, can become somewhat serious because of the large number of packets handled.
that they are clear about the next steps, I will detail in the following list, which will then be developed into various subsections.
- Date and Time.
- network setup.
- Software Selection.
- Installation Destination.
Before starting to explain, if you are familiar with GNOME 3 (especially GNOME Shell), have to imagine that you are using the configuration panel of the desktop environment , and the Anaconda now responds to a similar logic.
The keyboard is vital to work comfortable with the computer and in this case Spanish speakers we’re lucky, and we use a variant of QWERTY, the keyboard layout used by whites, so if we have the wrong keyboard set even we can write the letters, which can not tell the French with AZERTY. Why do I say this?, Well because the new Anaconda without being totally reliable and sometimes happened to me, without knowing why, that after setting the keyboard in Castilian this was in English. It can also happen that you may be in Latin America, where you use a keyboard that is slightly different from that used in Spain.
Whatever the problem with the keyboard configuration,’ll teach you to change it for you you can remove the brown top.
first need to add the keyboard layout you want to use. To do this click on the button + that is in the left side of the screen.
Then we will get the screen image below, where you can select the keyboard layout that suits us. To do this we will have to type the first few letters of the language of the English keyboard to limit the options that we want to appear, still span the word to write in order to show only the distributions for keyboards in Castilian. We’ll just have to click with the left mouse button (and therefore understood the touchpad or the input device you’re using) on the distribution you wish to use and then click on the Add , which should already be enabled.
We have already distributing the new keyboard layout, yet we see as we see below that which has been put at the beginning of the installation and therefore is not yet the default keyboard layout.
To make our keyboard layout staff the default will select it and press the ^ button as many times as necessary to put on top.
possibly other distributions typed that appear not interest us, so we can remove them by selecting them and clicking the – button.
Once we have the keyboard layout, we click on the Ready at the top left of the screen and return to the main screen of the installation.
Date and Time
Paragraph date and time is of the simplest to set up and it has not changed that much with the jump to the new Anaconda. To set the time to our time zone we can use the dropdown at the top left of the screen or clicking the mouse button in the geographical area where we live. The downside is that if you live in a small country and is within a continent perhaps make you a little hard scoring with the map directly, which is not happens to me living in the Iberian Peninsula, which is very easy to locate on the map.
As you have seen in the last picture, the time is set directly via NTP (Network Time Protocol), but may not have basic Internet most of the time and you please set the time and date manually. To do this you will have to disable Network Time , which is located on the top right of the screen and you can set the date and time yourself.
Once we have set the date and time that work for us, we press on the Ready to confirm the changes and return to the main screen of the installation.
Detailing how to make a configuration detailed static IP could deal a manual full, so seeing that most of the router-switch ISPs serve IP via DHCP, giving access to the Internet directly to the equipment, we will focus on the fundamental, which is the computer name.
that just tend to go where it says Team Name at the bottom left of the screen, type the name you want to put the computer with Fedora and then press the Ready .
No doubt this is my favorite part because it is where it is most palpable sense much simpler and practical the new Anaconda.
Prior to installing an alternative desktop environment (ie, other than GNOME) from the DVD, you had to go disabling a lot of packages GNOME and GTK that came to mind, because if seleccionabas KDE and you gave to Next flip you were a mix of KDE and GNOME desktop K as frontend , with things as inexplicable as Nautilus, Empathy / Pidgin and Rhythmbox. Luckily all this has changed and now when you select a desktop have only the applications related to your choice, saving the graphic tools of systems, which inevitably are GTK, but these applications at least not an added nonsense.
Besides desktop environments and as in previous versions, you can also install Fedora as a pre-configured server or do a minimal installation headless or services.
I will not say what desktop you have to use, yet will give you the advice that if your machine is not doing very ample resources it is best to waste your on XFCE or LXDE, as Fedora not renowned for being a distribution skimp on the use of resources. In fact it is after Mandriva and family on GNU / Linux heavier than I know.
When we have defined what you want to install, proceed again press the button Ready to save the settings made and go back to the main screen of the installation.
the previous section was my favorite, this is the opposite, the less I like it. After making settings, we came to the most delicate part of the installation process, the definition of the partitions.
If you are not sure what you are doing, before you do anything, make backups of all your data, both on Windows, Mac and / or GNU / Linux, because as you do something wrong and you realize later you will to get a bad milk will last a few days. So be careful and do not play with gasoline with your data, will thank if you have an error, as it will be remedied.
In the picture below you see that I put two virtual hard disks, why?, well because here Anaconda has an error, not if technical or design (I think it’s the latter) which can lead to the impression that Fedora does not boot after installation.
As you can see, I selected the two hard drives, and you have to select all the records that you have on your computer, otherwise Grub is installed on the hard disk where instaléis root Fedora and not sda . I mean.
I have a desktop with two hard drives, one I have Windows 7 to play and in another I have Fedora 18. The first few times I installed Fedora 18 saw would not start, as only selected the hard drive where you installed the operating system (the second) and that made Grub had just installed sdb , causing an error in the boot.
On the third attempt it means for selecting the two discs and be careful not to touch the Windows NTFS partitions and then Anaconda if you saw the sda (the main hard drive and where I have Windows) and installed Grub where I was.
not know if Fedora 19 have corrected this bug, but if not, the You select all and once done we click on the Ready . We get the following window, where you select wish to revise / modify my disk partitions before continuing and click on the Continue .
We have reached the most confusing part of the Fedora installation using the new Anaconda, the definition of the partitions.
If what you want is to crush partitions already made the process is simple, you just have to be selected and set mount points and if you want to format, but unfortunately not my case, since the discs are new and lack even of a partition table.
As you can see, maybe I will have done the same question I ask, where are sda and sdb?, what I ask myself. It seems that the new Anaconda intended to be clever and figure out where to go each partition, which I do not like it.
Seeing this have to improvise and try to get references with which to define our own partitions, so we will click on Click to recreate automatically , located on the left side of the screen, color blue and underlined, I returned the following results.
already have some certainty for such confusion. You can see four partitions: / boot, swp, / home and / (root).
also can begin to create partitions directly through the + button, without clicking on the link above in blue letters, but you will have to keep in mind that the partition will occupy the hard disk according to the created order and space they occupy. The first partition will sda1 , the second sda2 and if the third partition does not fit in sda will become sdb1 and so on.
Create, delete and modify partitions
left frame basically serves to see the partitions you have currently set up, apart from being able to remove partitions with the – button and add with the + button. If you use MBR instead of GPT (ie if you use BIOS instead of UEFI), remember that one can have four physical partitions as much or three natural and extended, and then have to create logical volumes in the extended partition.
the issue of partition, if you have plenty of room, I always recommend creating three partitions at least:
- / (root partition): where is installed the basic components of the system.
- SWAP : The partition dedicated to the exchange when the RAM is saturated, very useful if your computer does not have a lot of volatile memory.
- / home (partition Personal Folders): This will create the folders people of the users they are created in the system.
The beauty of this scheme is that if you want to upgrade the system does not have to format the entire disk, but only the root partition (/) and then hang the other partitions in the fstab.
On the SWAP in the example I have been casting a partition 3-4 megabytes, but remember that you have to put double the RAM up to 4 gigabytes, following this scheme:
- 1 gigabyte of RAM → 2 gigabytes of swap.
- 1.5 gigabytes of RAM → 3 gigabytes of SWAP.
- 2 gigabytes of RAM → 4 gigabytes of SWAP.
- 3 gigabytes of RAM → 4 gigabytes of SWAP.
- 4 gigabytes of RAM → 4 gigabytes of SWAP.
From 4 gigs the thing generates discussion, some recommend putting the same amount of RAM, others say they put more than 2 gigs (yes, you read that right) makes no sense. Personally it depends on the capacity of your disk and the amount of RAM. If you have lots of RAM and a little hard because you use an SSD, with 4 gigabytes of swap you should have more than enough regardless of what you have RAM, and I have forced many times my level teams RAM and CPU and have never exceeded the giga exchange and believe me, at that point the system is always on the verge of collapse, and on more than one occasion I have been frozen, but not if I would go with an SSD and higher speeds of reading and writing.
On the right the screen will appear the options on how we treat the partition, if you want to format, encrypt, change the space it occupies, etc..
Deleting a partition
Deleting a partition is very simple, you just have to select it and then click on the – button.
Create a partition
Create a partition is also easy, you just have to click on the + button at the bottom of the left frame and define the partition.
Once you click on the button we will get the following window in which we have to define the mount point and the capacity of the partition.
As you see in the image below, now we have to specify the mount points through a drop-down on which we can write and capabilities manually using a text field in which we have to write. Remember that the SWAP may be shared by several distributions without problems if you want to get different GNU / Linux on your computer, which I have never done, it sounds weird.
To define the capacity, there are several ways, but all are written. We can write an unspecified number storage unit, but if we do so we must take into account that Anaconda will count as megabytes. If you want you can play with storage units getting behind the number gb (gigabyte) or mb (megabyte).
Luckily the installer shows a message context help where you can check how you want to get it on their storage units and you can see that it accepts many options.
already completed the definition of the partition, we click on the Add a mount point to add it.
you that you have an old version of Fedora and you please update it. Although there are some mechanisms to update as Fedup, the truth is that I do not trust a lot of them because the few times I’ve used have not given me good results, so I prefer to do a short-stroking the hard disk.
So we must go to the same section of Installation Destination and select all hard drives you have, as in the previous section.
Now we will get a new window, because there is already an operating system installed on the computer with your partitions. In this new window you must press the button Partitioning custom to access the partition manager above.
We have accessed the partition manager, so I’ll show you how to configure each of the partitions so you can upgrade without losing data.
First we have to identify the root partition (/). In this partition we have to define again the mount point, and how we want to format it before installing the new version of Fedora.
SWAP also suggest formatting since my in some distributions do not indicate it is not set in the fstab system, which had no exchange area unless the añadiese manually to fstab or the mount her at every logon mount.
Now let’s set / home . Remember that for this partition or any additional data that you may have (I for example I have one partition / mnt / VirtualBox) not have to format , but just hang in the directory tree. To finish defining this step you will have to click on the Updating parameters .
If you have trouble configuring the partitions, as sometimes the automatic refresh fails, CLICK on the Updating parameters every time you’ve finished defining a partition.
End of disk partitioning
When you have finished defining the partitions, either new or edited, we have to press on the Ready to then Anaconda we ask for confirmation about whether we want to make the changes made to the hard drive , which we do by clicking on the Accept Changes .
As you can see, and there is no warning of missing steps to perform the installation. That means that everything is correct to proceed, so we can click on the Start installation .
While Fedora is installed we will have to assign a root password and create our first user.
Set the root password is very simple, you just have to click on PASSWORD ROOT and put it twice and press the button Ready . If vuestar password is not accepted in principle by the system to be simple or resemble a common word, give twice a button Ready and will swallow it.
When we assigned the root password, it will return to the screen that indicates how the process of installation. There will need to click on CREATE USER to define our normal user.
user creation will have to complete more data. We will have to indicate the name and the user, if you have administrator privileges and if you need password to access. On the subject of the password Anaconda we will make the same move with root, having to press twice the Ready If you want to accept a password that does not like.
installation process completed
Once completed the installation process, click on the button Restart the bottom right of the screen to start our Fedora already installed and ready to go.
Well, I hope this guide on how to install Fedora help you to introduce you to the community distribution of Red Hat. The truth is that the change has been great in the installer and although at first the sensations transmitted are rare, I can ensure that later becomes a tool that works very fast.