line with my previous article, I wanted to talk about the well-known Gentoo whose name has worked well as novice users scarecrow . At least that was my feeling to hear about it first, but was sure that at some point, be able to install.
Once freed from the fear of test, still the question of patience: each package is installed by compiling the source code. Thus, one could say that Gentoo wins the fame of a distribution purely for leisure experts with big fans of the computer. Turns out, today, that is something from the truth . Of course it takes time and knowledge but not so much because of more powerful computers and more accessible information.
To begin with, tell you my experience and then I will give an introduction to installing and using the system. I tried Gentoo as entertainment rather than a change . My first installation was a failure, not even start. The second did not last long until they began to appear broken dependencies and the like who could not solve. The following work and left it as an alternative system, since it encouraged me to have to recompile everything to update the system. Finally, a problem that was dragging a long time, he had migrated completely from my pretty durable Archlinux: USB printer not working at all and, on the other hand, Gentoo was great. Without hesitation was my excuse and I prepared a new installation, I’m using now for about a year.
However, fail, I did not mean catastrophic results strongly ego was injured. Can be achieved easily arm the system as it is not just a series of commands . The important and perhaps difficult, is to understand its maintenance and knowing action against problems (or know to find the solution).
The first major obstacle is correctly set up or use Linux, but does not seem as exciting, genkernel. Then a question of knowing how to choose the labels USE ranging system according to an intended assembly. Personally, I consider that these two steps are the most failure can bring and those who demand more commitment because it is not configured from a pattern found on the internet, but is something far more personal and private to each user .
To begin with, the installation process, there is an image of CD / DVD installation as popular distributions. Nor would make sense that it exists, since the installation is to obtain a tablet with the base system (we might compare it to what you get when you finish the book Linux From Scratch) and manager package , Portage. CDs and DVDs are available only providing a host system to copy the system and the package manager and then compile as needed. Seeing that the process, in essence, is just copy, paste and compile, might suspect that it can be done from any other system you have installed. And the answer is yes. In fact, it’s pretty easy to do.
Now, the actual installation comprises the steps suggested by the manual (you have to highlight the variety of platforms it supports, so the links I refer to amd64 ): Prepare partitions, the base system and unzip the package manager, configure the network connection, modify the necessary files in / etc and, most importantly, preparing the package manager and compile all the necessary programs . That sounds like very simple, because really, as I said previously, is not very complicated.Suppose
have followed the basic steps of installation and have reached the first critical point: the installation of the core. In his manual work well for configuration details on what should be marked and some optional things. The advantage of compiling the kernel ourselves is that we can select the minimum and essential for starting your computer and select everything as modules that can be loaded into system, thus reducing the load time by reducing the core volume . My way of configuring the kernel from scratch is for most basic sections (General Setup , Processor type and features , Power management , Networking support , Device Driver and File Systems ) and tick all I’m sure you have or need and, as I have doubts, consult in the help to know what it is. Then a question to test if everything works properly. For example, if the system boots, it will be a matter of seeing what the problem indicates, in the case that mentions a problem with the partition may be incorrectly configured for the SATA devices.
Once the kernel configuration and installation and arguably we are one step to complete the installation (actually, after installing or configuring the boot loader, and boot the system could .) Would prepare our / etc / make.conf and install the applications you want. In that file find the conditions under which work in the installation and Portage package download. Some variables are:
must take into account the importance of maintaining this package manager . There is a package called gentoolkit that takes care of it. We could mention eix , search packages; dispatch-conf to update configuration files; revdep-rebuild , to solve problems with broken dependencies, among other. The Gentoo wiki includes a very comprehensive article related to maintenance.
Finally, not forget to mention the update . It can be easily performed with the following command:
Where: u is updated, to question before installing, D review the packages on their completeness including its dependencies, N reinstall packages that are affected by changes in the USE variable and v has more information on each package.
Finally, though I would add, some may be carried out thanks to the information, but the remainder, it is with experience. He had long felt to give a few words on Gentoo and I have said what he meant. As I was saying, we can say that Gentoo is not extremely difficult or complicated to maintain but neither is as simple . Yes, has a much more complicated than the rest of the distributions but nothing to fear too. To close the only thing I can say is: if you had had long wanted to install and disponéis time, you have no excuse.
Just do it.
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